Abrahamic Covenant

The book of Genesis records how God spoke to Abraham in a vision. God told Abraham to leave his home in Mesopotamia and travel far away to the land of Canaan, the ‘Promised Land’.  Genesis repeatedly refers to God’s offer of a Promised Land for Abraham and his descendants:

The whole of the land of Canaan … I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants.
— Genesis 17:8


A chantry is an ecclesiastical term that may have either of two related meanings: a Christian liturgy of prayers for the dead or a  building on private land, or an area in a parish church or cathedral reserved for the performance of the “chantry duties”.

Mary Tutor

Mary was the fifth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and the youngest to survive infancy. She was the third wife of French King Louis XII.  Following Louis’s death, Mary married Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, secretly in France, the marriage occurred without the consent of Mary’s brother Henry VIII.   Henry eventually pardoned the couple after they paid a large fine. Mary had four children with Suffolk. Through her older daughter, Frances, she was the maternal grandmother of Lady Jane Grey, the de facto queen of England for nine days in July 1553.

William Tyndale

William Tyndale was an English biblical scholar and linguist who became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation in the years leading up to his execution. Tyndale’s translation of the New Testament was the first English Bible in 1526 to draw directly from Hebrew and Greek texts, the first English translation to take advantage of the printing press, the first of the new English Bibles of the Reformation, and the first English translation to use Jehovah (“Iehouah”) as God’s name .as preferred by English Protestant Reformers. Tyndale’s translation of the Bible was used for subsequent English translations, including the Great Bible and the Bishops’ Bible, authorized by the Church of England.  for his reformist views, he was convicted of heresy and executed by strangulation, after which his body was burnt at the stake in 1536.